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Gryllus campestris (Linnaeus, 1758)

Field Cricket

Taxonomy: Orthoptera>>Ensifera>>Grylloidea>>Gryllidae>>Gryllinae

Photos: Click on a thumbnail to see a larger picture.

Gryllus campestris Gryllus campestris Gryllus campestris

Status: British Isles native species.

Description: Shiny black cricket with a large head. The forewings have a yellow base, the thighs are red on the underside.

Size: 17-23 mm

Wings: Forewings extend beyond the middle of the abdomen, hindwings are only vestigial.

Stridulation: Males have a loud song consisting of short chirps repeated several times a second, which is performed in front of their burrows and can be heard up to 100m.

Recordings: Note, your ability to play these recordings depends upon the configuration of your computer and browser.

Calling song.
Source: Baudewijn Odé

Chorus.
Source: Baudewijn Odé

Courtship song, ending with mating.
Source: Baudewijn Odé

Food: Mainly herbivorous, feeding on grasses.

Habitat: South facing short turf on sandy or chalk soils with patches of bare ground.

Phenology: Late instar nymphs and adults overwinter in distinctive burrows with horizontal entrances. Adults are present from April onwards, they mate and lay eggs from May to July and die by August.

Distribution: The records held by the National Biodiversity Network are shown in the map below.
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up to 1987

1988-97

1998 up to present

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